2020 is a census year. That means, starting in mid-March, nearly all households in the United States will receive an invitation in the mail to participate either online, by mail, or phone.
It also means that scammers are revving up to take advantage of the census process to try to con you out of your personal information, according to the Federal Trade Commission.
We’re sharing some census facts so you know what’s the real deal and what may be an attempt to steal your sensitive information.
What’s the purpose of the census?
The federal government conducts the census every 10 years to obtain an accurate count of everyone living in the country. Census results affect federal funding for all kinds of programs including MediCal, affordable housing, mass transit, schools, parks and more. It also determines how many representatives a state has in Congress.
How do you respond?
Most households will receive an invitation in the mail starting in mid-March 2020 to choose how they want to participate. You can respond online, through mail, or by phone.
If you get a mailed invitation and don’t respond, the Census Bureau will continue to send you reminders. If you haven’t responded by May, expect a census taker to come in person. Not home when they stop by? They’ll leave a door hanger with a phone number for you to call to schedule another visit. They’ll try to reach you up to six times, either by stopping by or by phone.
What questions are on the form?
Information you’ll be asked to provide includes how many people are living in your home, their sex, age, ethnicity, and relationships to each other. They’ll also ask whether you rent or own, as well as for your phone number. They will not ask your citizenship status.
How are scammers targeting people?
One of the most anticipated scams involves a fraudster posing as a census taker, obtaining sensitive information and then using that information to commit identity theft.
If a person comes to your door saying they’re from the census, ask to see their ID. Authentic IDs include a U.S. Department of Commerce seal and an expiration date. If you’re still doubtful, ask for their supervisor’s contact information. You can call the census regional office phone number to verify your census taker’s authenticity.
Be wary of intrusive and inappropriate questions. Know that a census taker will never ask you:
Whether you are a U.S. citizen
For your full Social Security number
For credit card numbers or checking account information
For a donation
To pledge your support for a political party
For personal information, such as your mother’s maiden name or the name of the elementary school you attended
A scammer might try to reach you by phone, and by using caller ID-spoofing technology, it may appear that they are calling from the Census Bureau. Remember, though, that a census taker will not reach out to you by phone unless you have failed to respond to several mailed invitations and reminders, and you have not answered the door when a census taker visited you personally. Be wary of any suspicious questions being asked over the phone. If you have reason to believe you are speaking with a scammer, hang up immediately.
If you suspect fraud, call 800-923-8282 to report it to a local Census Bureau representative. You also can file a report with the FTC .
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